The coou-African Journal of Environmental Research (AJER) is a peer-reviewed Journal established in 2017. It provides practitioners, educators, researchers and students with state-of-the-art research output in order to promote scholarship, research, professionalism and excellence in the varied disciplines of the built and human environment. The focus is to bring together theory, empiricism, practical developments and innovations in the built environment. AJER publishes well-researched articles in all specialisms in the fields of Architecture, Building and Construction Management, Estate Management, Fine and Applied Arts, Urban and Regional Planning, Quantity Surveying, Surveying and Geoinformatics, Transportation Planning, Geography, Environmental Management, Meteorology/Climatology, Environmental Law, Environmental Economics, Environmental Health and Environmental Psychology