Analysis of Family Size Preference in Anambra State, Southeast Nigeria
Fertility preferences are a contributor to achieving actual family size and checking population growth. Demographic transition theory uses fertility and mortality as major predicators to depict socioeconomic development. Based on demographic transition theory, this study was aimed at examining the family size preference in Awka, Anambra State. 336 respondents were purposively sampled and analysed. Descriptive statistics was used for the analysis. The study showed that 94 percent would prefer a family size of 3 or 4 children. Personal and economic reasons (48% and 42% respectively) were most considered as against religious and cultural reasons for preferred number of children. In addition to the stated reasons for the preferred family size. The study discovered that 82 percent of respondents who opted for small family size were educated and would prefer a small family size, so they can moderately provide for them the basic necessities of life, including education. 69 percent agreed that they will abide by policy mandating a specified number of children. On the other hand, 62 percent agreed to have less children if care is provided at old age, thereby reducing the need for large family size. In addition to recommending socioeconomic development and education, it is strongly recommended that care should be given to aged people through provision of old peoples home. This will allay fears of despair in old age.